Who can be a live kidney donor?
For every transplant, there are two participants: the donor (the person donating) and the recipient (the person receiving).
A kidney donor may be either a living related donor (ie a relative of the recipient) or an unrelated donor.
Living related donors are most commonly parents, children and siblings of the recipient, but can be more distantly related to the donor, such as a cousin, uncle or aunt.
In recent years it has also been accepted that unrelated donors may donate a kidney. An unrelated donor may be a husband, wife, partner or close friend of the recipient. These donors are often described as ‘emotionally related donors’.
The alternative to live kidney donation is for the recipient to wait until a suitable kidney is available from a deceased donor, which can take often several years.
Live non-directed kidney donation is a s a relatively new practice worldwide. Like the practice for living related donors, all criteria of suitability need to be met including the mandatory psychological assessment, and the work-up as outlined in this document.
The difference between the live-related donation and the live non-directed donation is that the live non-directed kidney is donated to a person waiting for a kidney transplant. The non-directed live donor will have no say in determining who will or who will not receive the kidney.